State of Qatar

National Features

The State of Qatar is an independent sovereign state in the Middle East. Since its full independence from Britain in 1971, Qatar has emerged as one of the most important oil and gas producers in the world. It is an Islamic state, in which laws and customs comply with Islamic rules. His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani has been ruling the state since 2013.



2.5 million People.






The State of Qatar is a peninsula located in the middle of the western coast of the Arabian Gulf, with an area width of ​​about 100 km and length of 200 km in the Gulf. Qatar has many islands; the largest of which are: Halul, Sharaouh and al-Ashat. The State of Qatar is located next to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from its southern borders, and next to Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Iran by sea.





Main cities

Doha, Mesaieed, Al Khor, Dukhan, Ar Ru’ays, Al Wakrah, Al Shamal, Ras Laffan.


Ruling regime

Constitutional hereditary emirate



Arabic is the state’s official language and English is widely used.


Time zone

The local time is +3 GMT, and there is no change in winter/ summer time.



Qatar is characterized by its desert climate. It is hot during the summer and mild during the winter. The monthly temperature ranges from 17 °C in January to 36 °C in July, and sometimes reaches over 40 °C during the summer months. Rain falls intermittently and briefly during winter.


National flag


The State of Qatar’s national flag has two sides. The right side is colored in dark red (burgundy), and it ends with a white color on the left side. The two sides are separated by a line consisting of nine triangle ends for both colors.


Official holidays

  • Fridays and Saturdays
  • National Day: December 18 (annual)
  • Qatar National Sports Day: held annually on the second Tuesday in February
  • Eid al-Fitr
  • Eid al-Adha


Work hours

Work starts every week from Sunday to Thursday, and most offices and companies close on Fridays and Saturdays.

  • Ministries and bodies: 7am to 2pm.
  • Private companies and institutions: 8 am to 12 pm; 4 pm to 8 pm.
  • Banks: 7:30 am to 1 pm.



The currency in Qatar is the Qatari Riyal, which is referred to as QR or QAR. The exchange rate is fixed, as 1USD equals 3.64 QR. ATMs are available in many places, and most business centers and restaurants allow financial transactions with major credit cards.


Customs laws

  • Cigarettes limit: 400 cigarettes.
  • Personal purchases and gifts are allowed up to a maximum value of QR 3,000.
  • Imports of alcohol and drugs are banned.


Medical care

There are no major health risks or special vaccines required from visitors. The level of health care in Qatar is generally high. There are many well-equipped pharmacies throughout Doha as well as English-speaking staff. Some pharmacies receive their customers around the clock.



Qatar is characterized by low rates of crime incidence. It is a safe destination with religious and political stability where its citizens live in safety and peace. Although regular precautions should be taken, there is nothing to prevent visitors from wandering around any side of the city.


Visitors with special needs

Prestigious hotels, airports, commercial centers, banks and newly constructed or renovated public buildings provide wheelchair access, toilets suitable for people with special needs and dedicated car parks. However, visitors with special needs are advised to check the availability of these services at other locations.